## Seasons Change: Autumn Lesson Plan

Welcome to the first full week of autumn. Now that fall is here, you can discuss the earth’s tilt in relation to the sun. The Earth’s rotational axis is tilted relative to its orbit around the sun. The seasons are a result of that tilt.

The following is an abbreviated lesson plan, excerpted from our Eclipses and Seasons learning objective, found on the Legends of Learning platform.

## Objective

Students will be able to:
1. Explain why Earth has seasons
2. Draw a model of Earth’s location during various seasons

## Teacher Preparation

1) Prepare short lecture on Earth’s tilt and seasons.

Cross-Cutting Concept Tip: Consider adding a dash of photosynthesis since diminishing autumn light triggers trees shedding their foliage.

2) Create Playlist 1, a 30-minute playlist in Legends of Learning with the following games found in the Eclipses and Seasons learning objective:

• Ms. Rose & Eclipses and Seasons!
• Science Fair: Eclipse and Seasons
• Temple of Seasons

3) Create Playlist 2, a 10-minute playlist in Legends of Learning with 5 assessment questions from the Eclipses and Seasons learning objective

4) Make copies of Eclipses and Seasons Worksheet (see the lesson plan)

## Deliver Five Minute Discussion on Earth’s Tilt and Seasons

Deliver short lecture on Earth’s tilt. Take any questions before playing the games.

## Launch Playlist

Directions: While playing the first game in Legends of Learning called Ms. Rose & Eclipse and Seasons, use what you learn to complete the diagrams and answer the questions below.

Seasons
Label the seasons in the Northern and Southern hemisphere at each location.

Question 1: It is summer for the hemisphere that is pointing (away from, towards) the sun.

Question 2: It is winter for the hemisphere that is pointing (away from, towards) the sun.

Question 3: When a hemisphere is pointing towards the sun, the sun’s rays are (stronger, weaker) on that part of Earth, making it (hotter, colder).

Question 4: When a hemisphere is pointing away from the sun, the sun’s rays are (stronger, weaker) on that part of Earth, making it (hotter, colder).

## Evaluate (10 minutes)

1. Launch Playlist 2 to your students. When they finish the assessment questions, any time left is freeplay.
2. Analyze student results to determine what concepts need to be a focus for reteaching.

## Weather Prediction Lesson Plan

The ongoing Harvey recovery along the Gulf Coast and the equally scary Hurricane Irma bearing down on the Caribbean are likely generating conversations in your science classes. That’s why we’ve decided to share our lesson plan for the Weather Prediction learning objective. The accompanying learning objective has eight games in total, so check them out.

If you want to make a contribution to support Hurricane Harvey victims, here are Charity: Navigator’s recommended charities serving the recovery areas.

## Learning Objective: Weather Prediction

Objective
Students will be able to:

• Describe the four types of air masses and how they interact to form fronts.
• Explain the causes of weather associated with different fronts.
• Describe how the meeting of certain fronts can cause extreme weather events.

Time Required: 90 minutes

Materials Needed

• Teacher computer with internet access and projector
• Student computers/laptops/tablets with internet access (preferably one per student but at least enough for small groups of 3 -4 students)
• Weather Map Practice handout (attached)

Teacher Preparation

• Create Playlist 1, a 10-minute playlist in Legends of Learning with the following game found in the Weather Prediction learning objective: Forecaster
• Create Playlist 2, a 20-minute playlist in Legends of Learning with the following game found in the Weather Prediction learning objective: Sunshine City
• Make copies of Weather Map Practice handout (available in the downloadable version of the lesson plan).

### Engage: 15 Minutes

• The teacher will play the following videos:
• The students will take notes in their science journal on the different types of air masses and fronts described in the two videos.
• The teacher will ask the following questions to prompt discussion from the class:
• a) Do you ever watch the weather report on the news?
• b) What kind of information does the reporter show?
• c) What is the weather today? Tell me your guess for the temperature and the likelihood of rain.

### Explore: 10 Minutes

• Students will sign in to Legends of Learning and enter the teacher code.
• Teacher will launch Playlist 1.
• Students will complete Forecaster as the teacher assists students as needed.
• Stopping game play to address the questions asked in the game may be needed.

### Explain: 20 Minutes

• 1) Student will be given the Weather Map Practice handout. Teacher should also display the map on a projector/Smartboard so that the students are able to see the colors on the map.
• 2) Student will answer the following questions:
• a) What kind of weather conditions do you think are associated with the blue line with triangles on it?
• b) Based on your observations, which states and regions may be having severe weather on this day? Give your reasons why. Oklahoma, Arizona, California; all of those states contain an ‘L”’(which designates a low pressure system) which typically is accompanied by stormy weather. BONUS: Newfoundland (not a state; however it contains an ‘L’)
• c) What kind of weather would you expect where the warm and cold fronts meet in western Canada? Why? Clear to partly cloudy. Where warm and cold fronts meet is called a stationary front, and weather along a stationary front is typically calm.
• 3) Teacher will discuss the answers to the handout with the students.

### Elaborate: 25 Minutes

• 1) Students will log on to The NOAA National Weather Service Just for Kids website.
• 2) The students will first click on the tab labeled Forecast Maps
• 3) The students will describe the national weather on that day by analyzing the “Today’s Forecast” tab. They will do the same for the next two days by clicking on the tabs “Tomorrow’s Forecast” and “Day 3 Forecast”, respectively.
• a) Students will write their weather forecast for each in their science journal.
• 4) Students will then try to forecast what the weather will be on Day 4.
• a) Students will write their weather prediction in their science journal.
• 5) Using the “Today’s Forecast” Map, students will make a hypothesis what the weather will be like in their home town/city for the next three days.
• a) Students will write their predictions in their science journal.
• 6) Teacher will discuss student predictions as a whole class.
• 7) Teach will display the The NOAA National Weather Service Just for Kids page and will check the accuracy of their forecasts by entering their city name or zip code in the “Customize your Weather.gov” section on the top left of the screen.
• 8) If time allows, students may proceed to the Weather Information Display icon and make their own weather maps by customizing the parameters displayed.

### Evaluate: 20 Minutes

• 1) Launch Playlist 2 for students.
• 2) Students will play Sunshine City and be assessed on their ability to answer the questions provided in the game correctly.
• 3) Teacher will analyze student results to determine what concepts need to be a focus for reteaching.
For Teachers